Dating: 15th century
Dimensions (cm): 18,5 x 26,5 x 31
Weight: 824 g
Inv. no.: PD1096
Kettle hats emerged in Western Europe in the late 13th century as an alternative to helms. It survived throughout the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries as an option to bare defenses or other closed designs such as the basinet and the helmet. There are several designs that vary from a round configuration to elongated models, equipped with large and oblique brims. It was able to protect not only the soldier’s face and shoulders from the blows of the enemies’ weapons but also from rainwater and the sun. It was often used along with a camail (or chin strap made of chain-mail), which was frequently provided with a buckle, ensuring a secure grip on the head. In Portugal, it was certainly very popular as it is well-documented on the Pastrana Tapestries, alluding to the conquest of Arzila by King Afonso V in 1471.
João Gouveia Monteiro