Portrait of the Marquis of Pombal
Material: Oil on Canvas
Dimensions (cm): 71 x 93
Inv. no.: MNSR273 / PD1343dep
Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo – the Marquis of Pombal – one of the most controversial figures in Portuguese history, was born in May 13, 1699.
He reinforced regal power and was the embodiment of enlightened absolutism in Portugal, showing all his governance aptitudes by the way he handled the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.
He also weakened the power of some Noble Houses, which lead to the process of the torture and public execution of the Duke of Aveiro, the Marquis de Távora and his wife. Moreover, he expelled the Jesuits and confiscated their assets. Aside this, he also remodelled the educational system through the adoption of new teaching methods and by creating new schools.
He, too, retook Industrial policies while he converted Administration, Finance and the Military.
After the death of King José I, the Marquis was exiled to Pombal, having been forced to live away from Lisbon. He died in 1782.